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Introduction to Ayurveda

Since time immemorial, mankind has been in constant search for medicines for various diseases.

It is necessary to pay tribute to classical medical science, which has now achieved impressive success, has made a huge contribution to the cure of many diseases, especially those of an infectious nature. However, any process, like the two-faced Janus, has its second face and, as medicine progresses, more and more often one has to face problems caused by this same progress. One of these problems is associated with successful and safe pharmacotherapy. Hundreds of new drugs that appear every year are sometimes difficult to understand even for a practicing doctor, not to mention simple inexperienced laymen, “consumers” of these drugs. Not the most positive role is played here by the advertising of some, frankly, not the best drugs, which often takes a directive form.

In the minds of many people, faith in a “saving pill” that will solve all their problems has strengthened. This situation cannot please, since it leads a sick person to lack initiative and passivity, deprives him of the impulse to fight to improve his health. In addition, the risk of developing unwanted, side effects of drugs increases, the frequency and severity of the so-called "drug disease" increases.

All this and much more makes medicine look for a way out of the current situation, look back into the historical past and look for unrealized opportunities there. As the proverb says: "Turn to the past, and you will find the present there."

In search of safe methods of treatment around the world, they have recently begun to increasingly turn to Ayurveda, an ancient Indian medicine that has accumulated and preserved systematized knowledge.

Ayurveda is based on the fact that the activity of the body is subject to the laws of nature.

It is the oldest comprehensive medical system that has survived to this day. Its name is formed from two roots of the most ancient language on Earth - Sanskrit: "Ayus" - long life and "Veda" - knowledge. Sanskrit is such a multifaceted language that the same term has a lot of meanings in it. The word “ayus” means not only life, but also “nature”. Ayurveda is the science of natural human life.

Ayurveda offers a profoundly meaningful comprehensive knowledge of a healthy lifestyle and a worldview of how to be in harmony with nature.

The aim of Ayurveda is to maintain the health of those who are healthy and alleviate the suffering of those who are sick.

In practical modern medicine, the concept of health is, first of all, the absence of disease in a person. Absolute health exists only as an inaccessible ideal, and therefore the term "relative health" is coined. It is expressed in a short formulation: "practically healthy." Modern "traditional" medicine, armed with a huge system of classifications of diseases, often considers and tries to cure a single organ, condition or part of the body.

Ayurveda is a science that deals not only with the treatment of certain individual diseases. Centuries before the World Health Organization, Ayurvedic physicians recognized that health is not just physical well-being, nor is it merely the absence of disease. Health in Ayurveda is the mental, physical and social well-being of the individual.

Ayurvedic doctors argue that health, first of all, develops as the main characteristic of a person's mentality. It is closer to what is called the original energy or state (constitution) - Prakriti, which allows you to see the chain of causes and effects. Each person has their own unique development program.

Based on Vedic knowledge, Ayurveda takes care of human health, taking into account the mental and spiritual aspects. Ayurveda has various techniques in its arsenal: herbal medicine, dietology, surgery and physiotherapy, physical exercises, massage, impact on biologically active points, aromatic, color, taste and audio therapy, including listening to music corresponding to various biological rhythms. Medicinal plants and minerals are used, from which more than 10 thousand names of drugs are currently produced.

Traditional Ayurveda works well with modern holistic healing models that take into account all aspects of human health - physical, emotional and spiritual.

Ayurveda has no nationalistic or narrowly religious basis. It was not given for some nation, not for some religion, and not for some particular time. It was given for centuries as a gift to all mankind.

Ayurveda allows you to enjoy the world and maintain health. Its recommendations regarding the mode of life and nutrition will help you stay healthy, strong and vigorous, feel great until old age.

Ayurveda was divided into three sections:

Manava Ayurveda is the treatment of people.

Pasha Ayurveda - veterinary medicine.

Vrikshu Ayurveda is the treatment of plants.

The treatises of Ayurveda are divided into eight volumes:

Kaya, Chiquista (therapy).

Kumarabhrtya (pediatrics).

Rasayana Tantra (geriatrics, the science of rejuvenation).

Salya (surgery).

Salakya (diseases of the eyes, ear, nose, throat, mouth).

Agada Tantra (forensic medicine).

Bhuta-vidya (knowledge of spirits and possessions)

Vajikarana Tantra (knowledge of sexual health).